ABOUT CANANDE RESERVE
Nearby communities: La Yuca and Hoja Blanca
Creation year: 2000
Area: 5453.1 hectares
Temperature: 30 °C
Ecosystem: Tropical Forest of the Choco eco-region
Altitudinal range: 100 - 500 m
Our Canande Reserve protects more than 17,000 acres and it contains one of the five most important and threatened hotspots of biodiversity in the world: the Chocó. Fundación Jocotoco and the NGO Rainforest Connection (RFCx) work together to monitor part of the Canande reserve and protect the Choco. RFCx created the world's first scalable real-time acoustic system to monitor the forest's soundscapes 365 days a year. This system automatically detects the sounds of chainsaws and gunshots and sends and instant alert to the mobile phones of our park guards. In addition, it detects the sounds of endangered species such as the Great Green Macaw and Brown-headed Spider Monkey, collecting real-time presence data which can be analyzed over time. It is possible to listen to the sounds of the Chocó rainforest with a live link. This way our park guards are able to monitor the amount of acres we own, and the respond is quicker and more accurate.
Fauna: We hold the monitoring of migratory birds that come from Canada and Unites States such as: Cerulean Warbler; Canada Warbler; Eastern Wood- Pewee; Western Wood-Pewee; Swainson Trush; Blackpoll Warbler; Black- and-White Warbler; Summer Tanager; Blackburnian Warbler, and Olive-sided Flycatcher. And the spider monkey monitoring
HOW TO GET THERE
Take the route Quito - Calacalí - Puerto Quito. In the last town take the detour to the village of Las Golondrinas. Pass the town of La Te and the town of Zapallo, turn right to go towards Puerto Nuevo at the side of the Canandé river. Take the barge to cross the river with the Botrosa company (you must have a permit signed by Fundación de Conservación Jocotoco of Quito to pass the barge in Puerto Nuevo). Continue to the Reserve, it is 45 minutes away on the way to Hoja Blanca. Look for signs for Choco Lodge, Fundación de Conservación Jocotoco.
Time to use the trails: 07h00 to 15h30.
NOTE: The animals in the reserves must be fed ONLY by the persons in charge.
CANANDE BIOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE
There are 62 species of birds which are endemic to the Choco eco-region. Of those, 37 species can be found in the Canandé Reserve. Some of these species are threatened (endangered or vulnerable).
Trap cameras have revealed that there are populations of four feline species in the reserve: Jaguar, Puma, Ocelot and Margay, as well as Pecari and Red Brocket Deer, as well as three species of monkeys: Mantled Howler monkeys, Brown-headed Spider monkeys and White Fronted Capuchins.
The reserve also protects endangered plant species such as a colony of a critically endangered Lily (Eucaris sp.), a rare Geonoma palm, the Anthurium andreanum and a new species of Liparis Orchid.
In addition, a reptile and amphibian study conducted by the Ecuadorian Museum of Natural Sciences (MECN) in the reserve, recorded 71 species, of which 35 are endemic and 3 are threatened worldwide.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Chocó Lodge is an ecological forest hotel located in the tropical jungle of the Chocó region, in the province of Esmeraldas.
It sits 400 m.a.s.l. in one of the wettest regions of Ecuador. Three species of primates are regularly observed, along with many threatened and restricted-range birds. The lodge, equipped with four comfortable rooms with private bathrooms, is available all year round for our guests.
We have hot water and electricity (110 volts); restaurant, bar and shop, laundry service with biodegradable products.
Four rooms with private bathroom, for a general accommodation capacity of 11 guests.
Outside the Lodge
- Bird watching tower
- A network of trails of different difficulties
- Crystalline creek adjacent to the reserve
- "Casa del Medio" (only for volunteers and researchers) located in the heart of the reserve is only accessed by foot.
OTHER IMPORTANT ASPECTS
The populated centers located in the surroundings of the reserve include Zapallo, (east of Quinindé / Rosa Zarate) and the small towns of Puerto Nuevo (where the barge crosses the Canandé River), La Yuca next to the reserve, and Hoja Blanca
Some of the newly acquired properties that were partially deforested for pasture development are in the process of natural restoration. The high precipitation and temperature in the region are optimal conditions for seed germination, which is why the rate of regeneration is very high.
This region is characterized by very high rainfall, high species diversity, and a high rate of endemic species. In general, less than 25% of the forests of Chocó remain intact, and in Ecuador, the remnants of this ecosystem are less than 10%. At present, the main threat is the extraction of wood and the conversion of land for the plantation of African Palm.
The nearby 12,000 acre reserve "Pambilar Bosque Comunitario" covers an area that was used for wood extraction.